The Trajan Markets and the Pantheon: Civic and Sacred Architecture in Ancient Rome.
Ancient Roman architecture in many ways is unique from the buildings and monuments from ancient Greece and Egypt. Of course, the Roman constructions were as grand in terms of scale and magnificence. But they were also far more practical in comparison to all the preceding architectural designs. And then, with the advent of Roman concrete, arches and other ingenious engineering ideas, the ancient Romans were able to take their architecture to new heights.In this tour you will learn more about the roman architecture and visit some of the most spectacular buildings.
Highlights of the tour
Trajan's Markets - the covered hall of Trajan's market was designed by the emperor's ingenius architect Apollodorus of Damascus. Thought to be the world's oldest shopping mall, the arcades in Trajan's Market are now believed by many to be administrative offices for Emperor Trajan. The shops and apartments were built in a multi-level structure and you can visit several of the levels. Highlights include delicate marble floors and the remains of a library. The new Museum of the Imperial Forums houses a wealth of artifacts from all of ancient Rome's forums.
The Pantheon - one of the best preserved Roman buildings, The Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the Roman gods. The temple has served as a Roman Catholic Church since the 7th century. The Pantheon consists of a large circular portico with three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns. The portico opens into a rotunda which is topped with a concrete dome with a central opening: the oculus. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon’s dome is still the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.
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